Run time: 60m

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2020 AABB Annual Meeting On-Demand

AM20-72: “Breaking up” in Sickle Cell Anemia: Impacting Disease Pathophysiology and Transfusion Support

Oct 5, 2020 9:00pm ‐ Oct 5, 2020 9:00pm

Expiration Date: Dec 31, 2022

Credits: None available.

Standard: $25.00
Members: $20.00


Increasing evidence suggest that intravascular hemolysis estimated to account for one third of hemolysis in sickle cell anemia (SCA) plays a central role in SCA pathophysiology. Mechanism underlying the pathologic effect of hemolysis include the pro-oxidant and cytotoxic effects of breakdown products, namely hemoglobin and its oxidized form heme, on the vascular endothelium through delivery of red cell microparticles or directly by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling as well as the impact of heme species on key immune cell types that can further magnify the inflammatory effects. Whether transfusions can intersect with the mechanisms has not been systematically examined, but the prediction is that tipping this immune response toward an anti-inflammatory state may be key in the treatment and management of SCA complications. In this session, we will review cellular heme sensing and response pathways in normal and hemolytic disorders including SCA, describe recent studies on the impact of transfusions on these heme response pathways in SCA and discuss potential therapies that may be combined with transfusions as a framework for optimization of transfusion management and support for this patient population.

Learning Objectives:
  • Review the role of hemolysis in sickle cell pathophysiology
  • Describe the prooxidant and cytotoxic effects of hemolysis breakdown products
  • Discuss the effect of transfusions on heme response pathways in innate immune cells in sickle cell anemia and potential use of anti-hemolytic therapies for optimization of transfusion management



  • Mark Gladwin : Consultant: Actelion, Pfizer, Bayer, Novartis, Globin Solutions, Inc.; Research/Grant Support: Bayer; Stockholder/BOD: Globin Solutions, Inc.
  • Francesca Vinchi, PhD : Consultant: Silence Therapeutics; Research/Grant Support: PharmaNutra, Vifor Pharma, Silence Therapeutics, Novartis

Credits Available

AM20-72: “Breaking up” in Sickle Cell Anemia: Impacting Disease Pathophysiology and Transfusion Support Evaluation

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