According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, To Err Is Human, the majority of medical errors result from faulty systems and processes, not individuals. Because errors are caused by system or process failures, it is important to adopt various process-improvement techniques to identify inefficiencies and preventable errors to then influence changes associated with systems. The seven basic quality tools and strategies for quality improvement include cause-and-effect diagram, check sheet, control chart, histogram, pareto chart, flowchart and 5 whys.
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Describe the 7 basic quality tools used for quality improvement and patient/donor safety initiatives.
Use quality tools at a hospital-based Transfusion Service and donor centers to detect and prevent the reoccurrence of a patient-safety related Biological Product Deviation event.
Apply quality tools to case scenarios to produce corrective actions, process improvement and follow-up audits for more efficient processes.